Hot First Aid How-Tos

How To: Stop a nosebleed easily

In this tutorial, we learn tips from roadies. If you experience a nosebleed and don't know how to handle it, there is a very simple way to cure it. First, take a long string and tie it around the middle of your hand a few times until it's tight. Then, make a fist with your hand and squeeze for two minutes. By the time the two minutes is up, your nosebleed should have subsided. Another tip, is for when you have hiccups. First, take a pen and press it on the inside of the ear. After a few secon...

How To: Open the airway if there is no neck injury

In an accident when the airway needs to be opened and you do not suspect a neck injury, use the head tilt-chin tilt technique. Turn the patient to their back by supporting their head and neck. Place one hand on the forehead and the other on the tip of the chin. Push down on the forhead and lift up and forward on the chin. This will lift the tongue from the back of the throat and clear the airway. Open the airway if there is no neck injury.

How To: Use a purse string suture during surgery

The purse string stitch is one of the more specialized stitches used during surgery: the purse string suture. This suture is used to seal an opening in a hollow organ in the body, like when a feeding tube is being inserted. It is a challenging maneuver, and mostly useful in internal medicine rather than external, but knowing it is essential to several types of surgery.

How To: Perform an interrupted and a subcuticular suture

If you want to perform an interrupted and a subcuticular suture you should first make a bite through the skin. In order to make a bite through the skin you should put the needle point perpendicular to the surface, turn your wrist and make sure it arrives at an even point from the entry point. Grasp the needle as it comes from the tissue. Make sure you always keep the needle in view. Then ti e the suture with an instrument tie and form the knot on the side of the wound so it does not effect th...

How To: Draw blood from an arterial line

In this tutorial, we learn how to draw blood from an arterial line. First, you will need a catheter, tubing, regular iv tubing, 10 cc syringe, transducer, fluid bag, and iv saline bag. First, waste a couple ml's of blood by turning the stock cock off to the system and draw back a couple liters of blood. After this, turn the stock cock off the syringe and take out the syringe, then add a new one. Now, take your sample of blood and draw out 5 ml of new blood. Take out the syringe, then cap it a...

How To: Wrap up your broken toe at home

We all make the same mistake at some point. Walking around, minding your own business and then BAM you crush your toe right into a step, a wall, a small raise in the ground. Your toe is broken, you're shouting like a sailor, and your toe now looks like a swollen grape. Don't worry, you don't have to go to the hospital. Instead, check out this great video where you learn how to wrap your broken toe to help it heal.

How To: Do a sterile dressing change in nursing

Going to be a nurse? Then here is one thing you should know how to do. Follow along with this nursing how-to video to learn how to do a sterile dressing change. Watch, learn and practice changing a sterile dressing during lab practice. Remember to explain procedures to patient and have all packages open before you begin. In this video the nursing student has been asked to break the sterile technique. Can you identify the breaks?

How To: Treat a mosquito bite

Don't let the fear of those red, itchy mosquito bites keep you from enjoying the outdoors this summer. Even if your mosquito repellant doesn't work and you end up getting bitten there are some easy household items that will alleviate any discomfort.

How To: Treat a bullet wound at home

If you've just been shot but can't be bothered with a trip to the hospital you may want to know how to remove a bullet yourself. Learn how to remove the bullet as well as clean and cauterize, and bandage the wound.

How To: Make Your Own Resusable, Lasting Ice Pack for 30 Cents

Check out this tutorial for advice on how to make a long-lasting, reusable ice pack that will not leak for cheap. These ice packs conform to any shape you need, stay cold for a long time, won't burn your skin and won't leak! To top it all off, they cost less than a dollar each! So, keep one of these in your freezer in case of emergency and you're good to go. Toss those pricey, leaky blue packs and opt for this homemade version.

How To: Use a curved needle for suturing arterial lines

This video shows the method to suture arterial lines using a curved needle. We will use the new arterial line kit for our demonstration. We will use a curved needle as it is safer than the straight needle. Hold the suture with the hamostat at about sixty percent from the tip of the needle. Do the turn the key method to bring the needle out from the other side. Unclamp it and re-clamp it at the tip of the needle. Continue the turn the key method. Pull the suture up and through. Cut the suture ...

How To: Bandage an elbow

Bandaging an injured elbow is simply logical: if you physically compress the area, it won't be able to swell as it might if left to its own devices. It's also a pretty simple process.

How To: Perform a figure 8 suture during surgery

There are a lot of different types of sutures out there, as any of your doctors, nurses, and medical students know, and performing them properly is a vital part of your job. This video details how to perform a figure of eight suture on a surgical patient. It is definitely made for the professional or student, so please, do not try this at home!

How To: Suture a wound with a skin flap closed

Many lacerations feature skin flaps dangling from the wound, begging to be reattached. It is very challenging to suture such a wound and reattach the skin without causing it to bunch up or hang too loosely. This medical demonstration video features a doctor explaining how to do just that, performing a flap suture quickly and efficiently.

How To: Treat poison ivy with alcohol and menthol cream

Uh, did you just sit in a patch of poison ivy? Yeah you did! Now what? Watch this how to video to learn how to treat poison ivy. You will need alcohol, cool water, soap, hydrocortisone cream, calamine lotion, cotton balls, menthol cream and cool compresses. Make the itch from poison ivy go away with these helpful tips.

How To: Clear an obstructed airway on a child or infant

Use the abdominal thrust technique on a child with an obstructed airway. Infants are more fragile. Put the infant face down on one arm and rest your arm on your thigh. Administer 5 back blows between the infants shoulder blades. Turn infant over and administer 5 chest thrusts in the middle of the sternum. Repeat until airway is clear. Clear an obstructed airway on a child or infant.

How To: Insert a proper PICC line into your patient

PICC stands for a peripherally inserted central catheter, and is usually inserted somewhere in your patient's uppper arm, giving access to the larger veins in the chest region. PICC lines are often desirable because they are the least risky way of giving central access to the veins near the heart, especially when your patient will need to have one for an extended period of time. This tutorial shows you everything you'll need to know about how to properly and safely insert a PICC line into you...

How To: Keep a cut from scarring

Keep it clean, covered, and coated, and say goodbye to that scar from the get-go. You will need running water and mild soap, self adhesive bandages, antibiotic ointment, petroleum jelly, sunblock, and silicone gel sheets. Warning: See a doctor immediately if your cut is extremely deep, won't stop bleeding, or appears infected.

How To: Help a patient who has gone into code blue in nursing

You've seen code blues called on TV, but how about in real life? If you are becoming a nurse it is important to know what goes on as part of a code blue situation. This nursing how-to video presents a mock code blue presentation with faculty. Follow along and learn what is involved in caring for a patient that has gone into code blue.

How To: Change a gown on a patient with an IV pump in nursing

Studying to be a nurse? Then here is a nursing how-to video that teaches you how to change a gown on patient who as an IV pump. Every nurse should know the basics of this technique, follow along and see how easy it is to to change a gown without disconnecting the IV pump. These medical tips are sure to help you pass your nursing exam with flying colors. Have your RN or instructor help you change an patients gown who has an IV pump. Watch and learn how to do this technique with an IV gown and ...

How To: Wrap a bandage correctly

Watch this instructional medical how-to video to learn how to wrap a bandage correctly. A circular wrap is used to wrap a small body region. First, three to four inches of the appropriate sized gauze wrap is unrolled and placed flat. It is held in place with the thumb of one hand as the bandage is rolled around to provide at least two overlapping layers of bandage. The excess bandage roll is trimmed and the gauze is secured in place with a strip of tape. Wrap a bandage correctly.

How To: Treat burns and scalds (British Red Cross)

No one can escape the wrath of fire. Eery living person will experience some sort of burn during their lifespan, from scalds to third degree burns. Burns and scalds are among the most common injuries requiring emergency treatment in hospitals, but would you know what to do if a friend or family member, maybe even a stranger, burned themselves badly? Could you help?

How To: Put sterile gloves on properly

Disposable, sterile gloves are one of the most important part of hospital safety, making sure that the hands that touch the patients are not going to make them sicker. However, putting on sterile gloves incorrectly can cause the germs from your hands to get on the gloves, ruining their sterility. This quick video details how to put sterile gloves on properly to maximize patient safety.

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